Electromagnetic 字段

All of us depend on electricity to meet basic needs such as heating, cooling and lighting our homes. We also depend on electricity to meet the transportation, communication, 商业, 休闲, industrial and health care requirements of our society. Wherever we make use of electricity, power frequency electric and/or magnetic 字段 (EMF) are present.

Electric Fields

magnetic 字段 illustration

Electric 字段 are created around appliances and wires wherever a voltage exists. You can think of electric voltage as the pressure of water in a garden hose – the more voltage, the higher the electric field 强度. Electric 字段 are present when an electrical appliance is plugged in even when turned off. Electric 字段 diminish rapidly with distance from the source and can be shielded by objects such as trees or the walls of a building.

Magnetic Fields

magnetic 字段 illustration

Magnetic 字段 are created whenever there is a flow of electric current. This can be thought of as the flow of water in a garden hose. As the amount of current flowing increases, so does the magnetic field. Magnetic 字段 are present when there is a flow of electricity, such as when an electrical appliance is operating. Magnetic 字段 are measured in milligauss (mG), and diminish rapidly with distance from the source, but are not shielded by objects such as trees or buildings. The level of magnetic 字段 from electrical appliances in homes can be as high as or higher than the magnetic 字段 people may experience under power lines. Magnetic field 强度 from power lines depend on many factors, including the design of the line, the amount of current the line carries, and the distance from the line.

Median EMF readings in milligauss (mG)
Earth's magnetic field (direct current)*
波250 - 650 mG

Video display terminals (VSTs) (distance 1')*
波5 mG

Electric range (distance 1')
波8 mG

Dishwasher (distance 1')
波10 mG

Copy machine (distance 1')
波20 mG

Vacuum cleaner (distance 1')
波60 mG

Electric shaver (distance 6")
波100 mG

Hair dryer (distance 6”)
波300 mG

1 NIEHS, EMF Questions and Answers, 2002年6月

Magnetic 字段 decrease as distance from electricity sources increases

Magnetic 字段 decrease as distance from electricity sources increases

*levels shown above are examples only, not predictions of actual EMF from PSE lines
Source: 国家 Institute of Environmental Health Sciences (NIEHS), EMF Questions and Answers. 2002年6月.

Research on EMF

For over 40 years, there have been many scientific studies conducted on power frequency EMF. Extensive reviews and research conducted by leading public health agencies – such as the World Health Organization (WHO) and the U.S. 国家 Cancer Institute (NCI) (one of the U.S. 国家 Institutes of Health) – have not established that power frequency EMF cause any adverse effects in humans or animals.

In the view of WHO

Based on a recent in-depth review of the scientific literature, the WHO concluded that "current evidence does not confirm the existence of any health consequences from exposure to low level electromagnetic 字段."2

2WHO EMF Program website: www.谁.int/news-room/q-a-detail/radiation-electromagnetic-字段

Similarly, the US 国家 Cancer Institute has concluded that, “Numerous epidemiologic studies and comprehensive reviews of the scientific literature have evaluated possible associations between exposure to non-ionizing EMFs and risk of 癌症 in children. … No consistent evidence for an association between any source of non-ionizing EMF and 癌症 has been found.”

NCI Fact Sheet "Electromagnetic Fields and Cancer" - www.癌症.gov/about-癌症/causes-prevention/ risk/radiation/electromagnetic-字段-fact-sheet

Exposure Limit

Neither the U.S. government nor the state of Washington has established exposure standards for public exposure to power frequency EMF. Two international organizations, the International Commission on Non-Ionizing Radiation Protection (ICNIRP) and the Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers International Committee on Electromagnetic 安全 (ICES), have developed exposure guidelines that have been endorsed by the WHO.

Established EMF exposure limits
International Commission on Non-Ionizing Radiation Protection
2,000 mG

IEEE International Committee on Electromagnetic 安全
9,040 mG

Exceedance of these safety standards requires that a person be exposed to EMF levels higher than those listed above for any duration of time. There are no time restrictions for exposures below the threshold.

home exterior lighting

PSE's approach

At PSE, safety is always our top priority. We rely on the findings of reputable, international and national scientific and public health organizations and agencies that have reviewed the research on EMF. We understand that you may have concerns about EMF and work to address those concerns by:

  • Following all applicable federal, state, county and city rules, regulations and standards when constructing power facilities for the safe and reliable delivery of electric service;
  • Remaining informed about important developments in EMF research;
  • Sharing accurate and objective information about EMF with our 客户.

If you are interested in more information about EMF, you may want to try some of the following sources:

Energy Advisor

For questions about EMF, contact Customer Service at 1-888-225-5773 to be directed to the right person.